kepler.gl | Website | Demo App | Docs

Kepler.gl is a data-agnostic, high-performance web-based application for visual exploration of large-scale geolocation data sets. Built on top of MapLibre GL and deck.gl, kepler.gl can render millions of points representing thousands of trips and perform spatial aggregations on the fly.

Kepler.gl is also a React component that uses Redux to manage its state and data flow. It can be embedded into other React-Redux applications and is highly customizable. For information on how to embed kepler.gl in your app take a look at this step-by-step tutorial on vis.academy.


Use Node 18.18.2 or above, older node versions have not been supported/ tested. For best results, use nvm nvm install.

Install kepler.gl

Install node (> 18.18.2), yarn, and project dependencies

npm install --save kepler.gl
// or
yarn add kepler.gl

kepler.gl is built upon mapbox. You will need a Mapbox Access Token to use it.

If you don't use a module bundler, it's also fine. Kepler.gl npm package includes precompiled production UMD builds in the umd folder. You can add the script tag to your html file as it follows:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/kepler.gl/umd/keplergl.min.js" />

or if you would like, you can load a specific version

<script src="https://unpkg.com/kepler.gl@2.5.5/umd/keplergl.min.js" />

Develop kepler.gl

Take a look at the development guide to develop kepler.gl locally.

Basic Usage

Here are the basic steps to import kepler.gl into your app. You also take a look at the examples folder. Each example in the folder can be installed and run locally.

1. Mount reducer

Kepler.gl uses Redux to manage its internal state, along with react-palm middleware to handle side effects.

You need to add taskMiddleware of react-palm to your store too. We are actively working on a solution where react-palm will not be required, however it is still a very lightweight side effects management tool that is easier to test than react-thunk.

import {createStore, combineReducers, applyMiddleware, compose} from 'redux';
import keplerGlReducer from '@kepler.gl/reducers';
import {enhanceReduxMiddleware} from '@kepler.gl/middleware';

const initialState = {};
const reducers = combineReducers({
  // <-- mount kepler.gl reducer in your app
  keplerGl: keplerGlReducer,

  // Your other reducers here
  app: appReducer

// using createStore
export default createStore(
      /* Add other middlewares here */

Or if use enhancer:

// using enhancers
const initialState = {};
const middlewares = enhanceReduxMiddleware([
  // Add other middlewares here
const enhancers = [applyMiddleware(...middlewares)];

export default createStore(reducer, initialState, compose(...enhancers));

If you mount kepler.gl reducer in another address instead of keplerGl, or the kepler.gl reducer is not mounted at root of your state, you will need to specify the path to it when you mount the component with the getState prop.

Read more about Reducers.

2. Mount Component

import KeplerGl from '@kepler.gl/components';

const Map = props => (
  <KeplerGl id="foo" width={width} mapboxApiAccessToken={token} height={height} />


id (String, required)

  • Default: map

The id of this KeplerGl instance. id is required if you have multiple KeplerGl instances in your app. It defines the prop name of the KeplerGl state that is stored in the KeplerGl reducer. For example, the state of the KeplerGl component with id foo is stored in state.keplerGl.foo.

In case you create multiple kepler.gl instances using the same id, the kepler.gl state defined by the entry will be overridden by the latest instance and reset to a blank state.

mapboxApiAccessToken (String, required*)

  • Default: undefined

By default, kepler.gl uses mapbox-gl.js to render its base maps. You can create a free account at mapbox and create a token at www.mapbox.com/account/access-tokens.

If you replaced kepler.gl default map styles with your own, and they are not Mapbox styles. mapboxApiAccessToken will not be required.

Read more about Custom Map Styles.

getState (Function, optional)

  • Default: state => state.keplerGl

The path to the root keplerGl state in your reducer.

width (Number, optional)

  • Default: 800

Width of the KeplerGl UI.

height (Number, optional)

  • Default: 800

appName (String, optional)

  • Default: Kepler.Gl

App name displayed in side panel header

version (String, optional)

  • Default: v1.0

version displayed in side panel header

onSaveMap (Function, optional)

  • Default: undefined

Action called when click Save Map Url in side panel header.

onViewStateChange (Function, optional)

  • Default: undefined

  • Parameter: viewState - An updated view state object containing parameters such as longitude, latitude, zoom etc

Action triggered when map viewport is updated.

getMapboxRef(mapbox, index) (Function, optional)

  • Default: undefined

Function called when KeplerGL adds or removes a MapContainer component having an inner Mapbox map.

The mapbox argument is an MapRef when added or null when removed.

The index argument is 0 for a single map or 1 for an additional map (since KeplerGL supports an optional split map view).

actions (Object, optional)

  • Default: {}

Actions creators to replace default kepler.gl action creator. Only use custom action when you want to modify action payload.

mint (Boolean, optional)

  • Default: true

Whether to load a fresh empty state when component is mounted. when parse mint: true kepler.gl component will always load a fresh state when re-mount the same component, state inside this component will be destroyed once its unmounted. By Parsing mint: false kepler.gl will keep the component state in the store even when it is unmounted, and use it as initial state when re-mounted again. This is useful when mounting kepler.gl in a modal, and keep the same map when re-open.

Read more about Components.

theme (Object | String, optional)

  • default: null

One of "dark", "light" or "base" You can pass theme name or object used to customize Kepler.gl style. Kepler.gl provide an 'light' theme besides the default 'dark' theme. When pass in a theme object Kepler.gl will use the value passed as input to override values from theme.

Read more about Custom Theme

mapboxApiUrl (String, optional)

  • Default: https://api.mapbox.com

If you are using your own mapbox tile server, you can pass in your own tile server api url.

mapStylesReplaceDefault (Boolean, optional)

  • Default: false

kepler.gl provide 4 map styles to choose from. Pass true if you want to supply your own mapStyles. See Below.

mapStyles (Array, optional)

  • Default: []

You can supply additional map styles to be displayed in map style selection panel. By default, additional map styles will be added to default map styles. If pass mapStylesReplaceDefault: true, they will replace the default ones. kepler.gl will attempt to group layers of your style based on its id naming convention and use it to allow toggle visibility of base map layers. Supply your own layerGroups to override default for more accurate layer grouping.

Each mapStyles should has the following properties:

  • id (String, required) unique string that should not be one of these reserved dark light muted. muted_night

  • label (String, required) name to be displayed in map style selection panel

  • url (String, required) mapbox style url or a url pointing to the map style json object written in Mapbox GL Style Spec.

  • icon (String, optional) image icon of the style, it can be a url, or an image data url

  • layerGroups (Array, optional)

const mapStyles = [
    id: 'my_dark_map',
    label: 'Dark Streets 9',
    url: 'mapbox://styles/mapbox/dark-v9',
    icon: `${apiHost}/styles/v1/mapbox/dark-v9/static/-122.3391,37.7922,9.19,0,0/400x300?access_token=${accessToken}&logo=false&attribution=false`,
    layerGroups: [
        slug: 'label',
        filter: ({id}) => id.match(/(?=(label|place-|poi-))/),
        defaultVisibility: true
        // adding this will keep the 3d building option
        slug: '3d building',
        filter: () => false,
        defaultVisibility: false

Read more about Custom Map Styles.

initialUiState (object, optional)

  • Default: undefined

Intial UI State applied to uiState reducer, value will be shallow merged with default INITIAL_UI_STATE

localeMessages (object, optional)

  • Default: undefined Modify default translation or add new translation

Read more about Localization.

3. Dispatch custom actions to keplerGl reducer.

One advantage of using the reducer over React component state to handle keplerGl state is the flexibility to customize its behavior. If you only have one KeplerGl instance in your app or never intend to dispatch actions to KeplerGl from outside the component itself, you don’t need to worry about forwarding dispatch and can move on to the next section. But life is full of customizations, and we want to make yours as enjoyable as possible.

There are multiple ways to dispatch actions to a specific KeplerGl instance.

  • In the root reducer, with reducer updaters.

Each action is mapped to a reducer updater in kepler.gl. You can import the reducer updater corresponding to a specific action, and call it with the previous state and action payload to get the updated state. e.g. updateVisDataUpdater is the updater for ActionTypes.UPDATE_VIS_DATA (take a look at each reducer reducers/vis-state.js for action to updater mapping). Here is an example how you can listen to an app action QUERY_SUCCESS and call updateVisDataUpdater to load data into Kepler.Gl.

import keplerGlReducer, {visStateUpdaters} from 'kepler.gl/reducers';

// Root Reducer
const reducers = combineReducers({
  keplerGl: keplerGlReducer,

  app: appReducer

const composedReducer = (state, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
    case 'QUERY_SUCCESS':
      return {
        keplerGl: {

          // 'map' is the id of the keplerGl instance
          map: {
            visState: visStateUpdaters.updateVisDataUpdater(state.keplerGl.map.visState, {
              datasets: action.payload
  return reducers(state, action);

export default composedReducer;

Read more about using updaters to modify kepler.gl state

  • Using redux connect

You can add a dispatch function to your component that dispatches actions to a specific keplerGl component, using connect.

// component
import KeplerGl from '@kepler.gl/components';

// action and forward dispatcher
import {toggleFullScreen, forwardTo} from '@kepler.gl/actions';
import {connect} from 'react-redux';

const MapContainer = props => (
    <button onClick={() => props.keplerGlDispatch(toggleFullScreen())}/>

const mapStateToProps = state => state
const mapDispatchToProps = (dispatch, props) => ({
 keplerGlDispatch: forwardTo(‘foo’, dispatch)

export default connect(
  • Wrap action payload

You can also simply wrap an action into a forward action with the wrapTo helper

// component
import KeplerGl from '@kepler.gl/components';

// action and forward dispatcher
import {toggleFullScreen, wrapTo} from '@kepler.gl/actions';

// create a function to wrapper action payload to 'foo'
const wrapToMap = wrapTo('foo');
const MapContainer = ({dispatch}) => (
    <button onClick={() => dispatch(wrapToMap(toggleFullScreen())} />

Read more about forward dispatching actions

4. Customize style.

Kepler.gl implements css styling using Styled-Components. By using said framework Kepler.gl offers the ability to customize its style/theme using the following approaches:

  • Passing a Theme prop

  • Styled-Components ThemeProvider

The available properties to customize are listed here theme.

Custom theme example.

Passing a Theme prop.

You can customize Kepler.gl theme by passing a theme props to Kepler.gl react component as it follows:

const white = '#ffffff';
const customTheme = {
  sidePanelBg: white,
  titleTextColor: '#000000',
  sidePanelHeaderBg: '#f7f7F7',
  subtextColorActive: '#2473bd'

return (

As you can see the customTheme object defines certain properties which will override Kepler.gl default style rules.

Styled-Components Theme Provider.

In order to customize Kepler.gl theme using ThemeProvider you can simply wrap Kepler.gl using ThemeProvider as it follows:

import {ThemeProvider} from 'styled-components';

const white = '#ffffff';
const customTheme = {
  sidePanelBg: white,
  titleTextColor: '#000000',
  sidePanelHeaderBg: '#f7f7F7',
  subtextColorActive: '#2473bd'

return (
  <ThemeProvider theme={customTheme}>
    <KeplerGl mapboxApiAccessToken={MAPBOX_TOKEN} id="map" width={800} height={800} />

5. Render Custom UI components.

Everyone wants the flexibility to render custom kepler.gl components. Kepler.gl has a dependency injection system that allow you to inject components to KeplerGl replacing existing ones. All you need to do is to create a component factory for the one you want to replace, import the original component factory and call injectComponents at the root component of your app where KeplerGl is mounted. Take a look at examples/demo-app/src/app.js and see how it renders a custom side panel header in kepler.gl

import {injectComponents, PanelHeaderFactory} from '@kepler.gl/components';

// define custom header
const CustomHeader = () => <div>My kepler.gl app</div>;
const myCustomHeaderFactory = () => CustomHeader;

// Inject custom header into Kepler.gl, replacing default
const KeplerGl = injectComponents([[PanelHeaderFactory, myCustomHeaderFactory]]);

// render KeplerGl, it will render your custom header instead of the default
const MapContainer = () => (
    <KeplerGl id="foo" />

Using withState helper to add reducer state and actions to customized component as additional props.

import {withState, injectComponents, PanelHeaderFactory} from '@kepler.gl/components';
import {visStateLens} from '@kepler.gl/reducers';

// custom action wrap to mounted instance
const addTodo = text =>
  wrapTo('map', {
    type: 'ADD_TODO',

// define custom header
const CustomHeader = ({visState, addTodo}) => (
  <div onClick={() => addTodo('hello')}>{`${
  } dataset loaded`}</div>

// now CustomHeader will receive `visState` and `addTodo` as additional props.
const myCustomHeaderFactory = () =>
    // keplerGl state lenses
    // customMapStateToProps
    // actions

Read more about replacing UI component

6. How to add data to map

To interact with a kepler.gl instance and add new data to it, you can dispatch the addDataToMap action from anywhere inside your app. It adds a dataset or multiple datasets to a kepler.gl instance and updates the full configuration (mapState, mapStyle, visState).


  • data Object *required

    • datasets (Array<Object> | Object) *required datasets can be a dataset or an array of datasets Each dataset object needs to have info and data property.

      • datasets.info Object -info of a dataset

        • datasets.info.id string id of this dataset. If config is defined, id should matches the dataId in config.

        • datasets.info.label string A display name of this dataset

      • datasets.data Object *required The data object, in a tabular format with 2 properties fields and rows

        • datasets.data.fields Array<Object> *required Array of fields,

          • datasets.data.fields.name string *required Name of the field,

        • datasets.data.rows Array<Array> *required Array of rows, in a tabular format with fields and rows

    • options Object

      • options.centerMap boolean default: true if centerMap is set to true kepler.gl will place the map view within the data points boundaries

      • options.readOnly boolean default: false if readOnly is set to true the left setting panel will be hidden

      • options.keepExistingConfig boolean default: false whether to keep exiting map config, including layers, filters and splitMaps.

  • config Object this object will contain the full kepler.gl instance configuration {mapState, mapStyle, visState}

Kepler.gl provides an easy API KeplerGlSchema.getConfigToSave to generate a json blob of the current kepler instance configuration.


// app.js
import {addDataToMap} from '@kepler.gl/actions';

const sampleTripData = {
  fields: [
    {name: 'tpep_pickup_datetime', format: 'YYYY-M-D H:m:s', type: 'timestamp'},
    {name: 'pickup_longitude', format: '', type: 'real'},
    {name: 'pickup_latitude', format: '', type: 'real'}
  rows: [
    ['2015-01-15 19:05:39 +00:00', -73.99389648, 40.75011063],
    ['2015-01-15 19:05:39 +00:00', -73.97642517, 40.73981094],
    ['2015-01-15 19:05:40 +00:00', -73.96870422, 40.75424576]

const sampleConfig = {
  visState: {
    filters: [
        id: 'me',
        dataId: 'test_trip_data',
        name: 'tpep_pickup_datetime',
        type: 'timeRange',
        view: 'enlarged'

    datasets: {
      info: {
        label: 'Sample Taxi Trips in New York City',
        id: 'test_trip_data'
      data: sampleTripData
    option: {
      centerMap: true,
      readOnly: false
    config: sampleConfig

Read more about addDataToMap and Saving and loading maps with schema manager.

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